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BIOL 180 Quiz 2

Question 1 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is an unprocessed or refined source of carbohydrates?

A. pasta noodles

B. fruit

C. cookies

D. white bread

Question 2 of 33

3.0 Points

Which type of bond do the hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water form?

A. hydrogen bonds

B. polar covalent bonds

C. nonpolar covalent bonds

D. van der Waals Interactions

Question 3 of 33

3.0 Points

A bond between two atoms that occurs frequently, but does not require much energy to break is referred to as what?

A. Hydrogen bond

B. Covalent bond

C. van der Waals Interactions

D. Ionic bond

Question 4 of 33

3.0 Points

When referring to pH, an example of something that is alkaline includes what?

A. water

B. orange juice

C. stomach acid

D. baking soda

Question 5 of 33

3.0 Points

In most living species, which monosaccharide is the most important source of energy?

A. cellulose

B. glucose

C. fructose

D. starch

Question 6 of 33

3.0 Points

Proteins include all of the following except what?

A. phospholipids

B. hormones

C. DNA

D. water

Question 7 of 33

3.0 Points

If an electron is shared between two elements, the strongest bond forms referred to as what?

A. Ionic bond

B. Hydrogen bond

C. van der Waals interaction

D. Covalent bond

Question 8 of 33

3.0 Points

Which particles reside in the space around the nucleus of an atom?

A. electron

B. neutron

C. proton

D. matter

Question 9 of 33

3.0 Points

What are the monomers that make up proteins?

A. oils

B. amino acids

C. steroids

D. DNA

Question 10 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the smallest component of an element that retains all of the chemical properties of that element?

A. neutron

B. electron

C. atom

D. proton

Question 11 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is more likely to dissolve in water?

A. glucose

B. olive oil

C. fat

D. wax

Question 12 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the capacity of a substance to withstand rupture when placed under tension or stress?

A. covalent bond

B. surfact tension

C. cohesion

D. solvent

E. adhesion

Question 13 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is an example of an isotope?

A. Actinides

B. Hydrogen-1

C. Halogens

D. Carbon-12

Question 14 of 33

3.0 Points

Which type of fatty acid is a solid at room temperature?

A. monounsaturated fatty acid

B. saturated fatty acid

C. unsaturated fatty acid

D. polyunsaturated fatty acid

Part 2 of 5 - Chapter 12

30.0 Points

Question 15 of 33

3.0 Points

Which assumption of cladistics is correctly stated?

A. The polarity of a character state change can be determined.

B. Traits remain homologous and unchanged from one state to another.

C. There are multiple universal last common ancestors (LUCA).

D. Speciation can produce two to four new species.

Question 16 of 33

3.0 Points

How has molecular systematics changed the how organisms had been classified?

A. Sometimes errors are uncovered and taxa are reclassified from molecular systematics.

B. Classification has reverted to the Linnean system based on molecular systematics.

C. Morphologic homology has allowed for the calibration of a molecular clock.

D. Molecular systematics has confirmed earlier classifications.

Question 17 of 33

3.0 Points

What term describes the wings of insects, bats, and birds?

A. homologous

B. analogous

C. apomorphy

D. synapomorphy

Question 18 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is the correct order of classification from largest group to smallest?

A. Phylum, Kingdom, Domain, Class, Species, Genus, Family, Order

B. Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

C. Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdom, Domain

D.
Canis, Eukarya, Chordata, Canidae, lupus, Animalia, Mammalia

Question 19 of 33

3.0 Points

What term describes the forelimb bones of a bird, bat, horse, whale and human?

A. synapomorphy

B. analogous

C. apomorphy

D. homologous

Question 20 of 33

3.0 Points

What is a group of closely related organisms and their common ancestor on a phylogeny?

A. synapomorphy

B. outgroup

C. vertebrate

D. clade

Question 21 of 33

3.0 Points

What is a diagram used to represent evolutionary relationships between taxa called?

A. clade

B. systematic

C. phylogeny

D. branch

Question 22 of 33

3.0 Points

Currently the diversity of all life on earth is contained in 3 domains which are:

A. Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya

B. Bacteria, Animals, Plants

C. Phylum, Class, Order

D. Family, Genus, Species

Question 23 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the scientific name of wolves in binomial nomenclature?

A. Wolves and Dogs

B.
Canis lupus

C. Mammalia

D. Canidae Family

Question 24 of 33

3.0 Points

Which best describes the assumption maximum parsimony is built on?

A. All of life evolves as a goal driven process under the direction of a higher power.

B. Molecular data is superior to morphological data when reconstructing evolutionary events.

C. Evolutionary events occurred in the simplest, most obvious way.

D. Shared derived characteristics define monophyletic groups.

Part 3 of 5 - Lecture Material

12.0 Points

Question 25 of 33

3.0 Points

The number of domestic dog varieties on Earth today, produced through artificial selection, is an example of what kind of evolution?

A. Microevolution

B. Natural Selection

C. Convergent Evolution

D. Coevolution

E. Macroevolution

Question 26 of 33

3.0 Points

Evolutionary change that happens on short time scales from one generation to the next within a population is called what?

A. Microevolution

B. Natural Selection

C. Convergent Evolution

D. Macroevolution

E. Coevolution

Question 27 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the term for the evolution of species when there are geographic regions to separate them?

A. Allopatric speciation

B. Sympatric speciation

C. Peripatric speciation

D. Parapatric speciation

Question 28 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is a mechanism that occurs to prevent crossbreeding after a zygote is formed?

A. Prezygotic Isolating Mechanism

B. Symzygotic Isolating Mechanism

C. Isozygotic Isolating Mechanism

D. Postzygotic Isolating Mechanism

Part 4 of 5 - Part 3: Lab Lecture Material

12.0 Points

Question 29 of 33

3.0 Points

Who published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection?

A. Christopher Wren

B. Charles Darwin

C. Robert Hooke

D. Gregor Mendel

E. Robert FitzRoy

Question 30 of 33

3.0 Points

Which of the following is considered a secondary source of research?

A. Lab notebooks

B. Conference papers

C. Published books

D. Theses compositions

E. Peer-reviewed journals

Question 31 of 33

3.0 Points

Why did scientists put shrimp on a treadmill?

A. To measure free radicals affecting crustaceans

B. To compare data to human “stress tests”

C. To provide therapy to injured crustaceans

D. To determine how fast crustaceans can run

E. To educate the public about pollution

Question 32 of 33

3.0 Points

Which of the following is the best scientific question for proposing a hypothesis and designing an experiment on the effect of a drug (Drug X) on decreasing blood pressure?

A. Does Drug X affect blood pressure?

B. Should we lower blood pressure?

C. Why is Drug X important to blood pressure?

D. How does Drug X affect blood pressure readings?

Part 5 of 5 - Part 5 - 1 Question 4 points

4.0 Points

Question 33 of 33

4.0 Points

At the most fundamental level, what is life made up of?

A. atom

B. neutron

C. matter

D. isotope


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