SECTION A: Instrumentation
Part A1: Sensor Selection
The last 4 digits of student id is 2684
Therefore,
The most appropriate sensor is the differential pressure sensor with the range of 0-100mBar as described by the choices above.
Part A2: Transient Response
After switching the pump “on”, the step response takes T=82 s to reach 63.2% of its steady state value as shown in the figure. This indicates that the time constant of the pump is τ=82 seconds.
The rise time of the system is related to the time constant approximately by:
T_{r}=2.197 τ
T_{r}=2.197×82=180.154 s
As the pump is gradually switched on from “off” to “fully on”, the output response goes from transient state to a steady state value of 100 for large values of t. The step response, however, has no overshoot and as can be seen, the system is overdamped.
To calculate the bandwidth, we assume an oscilloscope that follows the following rule:
Bandwidth ×Rise time=0.35 Bandwidth,BW=0.35/180.154=0.00194 dB 20 logBW=0.00194 logBW=0.00194/20=0.000097 BW=10^{0.000097}=1 rad/s
Part A3: Filter Design
Using an RC filter design
Let:
C=10uF
Corner frequency is at two octaves above the bandwidth of the system at unity gain, K=1
Therefore:
SECTION B: Control
Part B1
Modelling
G(s)=Y(s)/U(s) =A/(s^{2}+As+A.B)
The last 4 digits of student id is 2684
Therefore,
'wxyz^'=2681 A=0.9(26/99)+0.5=0.74 B=2(81/99)+1=2.64 A=0.74,B=2.64
The underdamped second order system is given by:
G(s)=0.74/(s^{2}+0.74s+0.74(2.64))
=0.74/(s^{2}+0.74s+1.9536)
Generally, the second-order transfer function takes the form of:
G(s)=(w_{0}^{2})/s^{2}+2ζw_{o} s+w^{2}0
Where w_{0} is the natural frequency, ζ is the damping ratio.
Therefore, by comparison of the 2 equations
Plotting in MATLAB
Part B2: Control
Part (i)
Finding the closed loop system transfer function
Forward path/Open loop transfer function
Y(s)/E(s) =K_{I}/s (G(s))
=(0.74 K_{I})/(s(s^{2}+0.74s+1.9536))
Closed loop transfer function
clear clc s=tf("s"); G=0.74/(s^{2}+0.74*s+1.9536); figure (1) step(G) title("Step Response of the Open Loop System")
Part (ii)
Choosing a K_{I} of 0.25 which is in the range of , the step input response is obtained using MATLAB.
%Let Ki=0.25 since for stability 0< Ki <1.9536 Integral_Controller=0.25/s; G1=Integral_Controller*G; T=feedback(G1,1); StableOrNot=isstable(T) figure(2) step(T) title("Step Response of the Closed Loop System, K_I=0.25")
StableOrNot =
logical
1
Our motto is deliver assignment on Time. Our Expert writers deliver quality assignments to the students.
Get reliable and unique assignments by using our 100% plagiarism-free services.
The experienced team of AssignmentHippo has got your back 24*7. Get connected with our Live Chat support executives to receive instant solutions for your assignment problems.
We can build quality assignments in the subjects you're passionate about. Be it Programming, Engineering, Accounting, Finance and Literature or Law and Marketing we have an expert writer for all.
Get premium service at a pocket-friendly rate. At AssignmentHippo, we understand the tight budget of students and thus offer our services at highly affordable prices.