The Marginal Product

Question 5

Suppose that the marginal product of the last worker employed by the Delicious Ice Cream Company is 300 units of output per day & the daily wage of the firm must pay is $50, while the marginal product of the last ice cream machine that the firm rents is 200 units of output per day and the daily rental price of the machine is $25.

a. Is the firm maximizing output or minimizing costs?

The condition for maximizing output is the same as the condition for minimizing costs: (MPk/Pk)=(MPL/PL) That is, the Marginal Product of Capital divided by the Price of Capital is equal to the Marginal Product of Labor divided by the Price of Labor. This makes sense because if they are not equal, then we could save money by adding more of the cheaper input and using less of the more expensive input. This also makes sense for maximizing output over a budget constraint, because if we can get more output for our money, we should choose that factor of production until we are indifferent between the two factors.

How can the firm maximize output or minimize costs?

In order to minimize costs/maximize quantity, we should find the level of output where (MPk/Pk)=(MPL/PL).

Question 12

With respect to the given data of problem 11*,

*Total fixed costs:

Copyediting $10,000
Typesetting $70,000

Selling and promotion $20,000

Total fixed costs $100,000

Average variable costs:

Printing and binding $6
Administrative costs 2

Sales commissions 1

Bookstore discounts 7

Author’s royalties 4

Average variable costs $20

Project selling price $30

Find the publisher’s break even output and the output that would lead to a total profit of $60,000 if, as a result of a technological breakthrough in printing, the publisher was able to lower its TFC to $40,000. Draw a chart showing your answer.

b. Find the publishers breakeven output and the output that would lead to a total profit of $60,000 if total fixed costs remained at $100,000 but average variable costs declined to $10. Draw a chart to show your answer.

Find the breakeven output at which the publisher earns a profit of $60,000 if the publisher’s total fixed costs remained at $100,000 and its average variable costs at $20 but the publisher charged a price of $40. Draw a chart showing your answer.

Question 14

Microsoft wants to estimate the average variable cost function of producing computer diskettes. The firm believes that AVC varies with the level of output and wages. Alan Anderson, the economist in the research department of the firm, collects monthly data on output (the number of diskettes produced), average variable costs, and wage rates paid by the firm over the past two years. He deflates costs and wages by their respective price indexes in order to eliminate inflationary influences. He then regresses total variable costs (TVC) on output (Q) and wages (W) and obtains the following result (where the numbers in parentheses are t values):

TVC = 0.14 + 0.80Q + 0.036W

(2.8) (3.8) (3.3)

R2 = 0.92 D – W = 1.9

a.If W = $10, derive the AVC and MC functions of the firm

What are the shapes of the AVC and MC curves of the firm?

Why did Anderson fit a linear rather than a quadratic or cubic TVC function?

Was this the right choice? Why?


Want to order fresh copy of the Sample The Marginal Product Answers? online or do you need the old solutions for Sample The Marginal Product, contact our customer support or talk to us to get the answers of it.


Want latest solution of this assignment

+ Submit Your Assignment Here

AssignmentHippo Features

On Time Delivery

Our motto is deliver assignment on Time. Our Expert writers deliver quality assignments to the students.

Plagiarism Free Work

Get reliable and unique assignments by using our 100% plagiarism-free.

24 X 7 Live Help

Get connected 24*7 with our Live Chat support executives to receive instant solutions for your assignment.

Services For All Subjects

Get Help with all the subjects like: Programming, Accounting, Finance, Engineering, Law and Marketing.

Best Price Guarantee

Get premium service at a pocket-friendly rate at AssignmentHippo

FREE SAMPLE FILE

Client Review

I was struggling so hard to complete my marketing assignment on brand development when I decided to finally reach to the experts of this portal. They certainly deliver perfect consistency and the desired format. The content prepared by the experts of this platform was simply amazing. I definitely owe my grades to them.

Tap to Chat
Get instant assignment help