The United States Government

The entire membership of the U.S. House of Representatives is up for election every. TWO YEARS

The first president of the United States, head of the executive branch of the federal government, was ?????????????? (George Washington)

The U.S. House of Representatives started with 65 members and eventually grew to such a large number of members that by 1929, a law was passed capping the House membership at 435

The president appoints major executive department heads in the federal government with the consent of the Senate

According to the Constitution, all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives

If the president, vice-president, and speaker of the U.S. House all died at the same time, who would become president under federal law? President Pro Tempore of the Senate

Congress passed a law in 1973 in response to what it perceived as presidential infringement on its constitutional war power. The law required the president to consult with the Congress "in every possible instance" before introducing US forces overseas or, in an emergency, if the President sends US troops into an area for hostile action, he must seek the approval of Congress for the action within 90 days. This legislation was called the War powers Revolution

The two United States Senators from Texas are Ted Cruz and John Cornyn. They were elected to office by the voters of the State of Texas

Presidents can avoid congressional oversight of the exercise of the foreign policy powers by entering into arrangements with foreign nations that do not require the advice and consent of the Senate. These accords are known as executive agreements

What established modern social welfare and regulatory policies in the U.S. in the twentieth century? Bicameralism

The first (and so far only) president to assume office as a result of the his appointment as vice-president under the Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the Constitution was GERALD FORD

A bill is passed by the House but is defeated in the Senate. What happens to the bill? It fails

The President of the Senate (the constitutional presiding officer of the Senate) is essentially only ceremonial today, although the President of the Senate does have the power to recognize members during debate on the floor of the Senate and to vote in the case of a tie. An officer of the federal government serves who was elected to this other office, has as one of the functions of the office, the added duty to serve as President of the Senate. Who is the current President of the Senate? Mike Pence

When a president issues full forgiveness for a crime committed, it is called a pardon

The presidential appointment process has two steps: nomination by the president and approval by a majority of the Senate

Congress is organized most importantly in two ways: By committee structure and by political party affiliation

What procedure currently provides for filling the office of the vice presidency if the vice president were to die in office, resign from office, or be removed from office? Twenty-Fifth amendment

Who is the current President of the United States Senate? Mike Pence

Only the U.S. Senate has the authority to - approve major presidential appointment in the executive branch.

Election by the state legislature of a state's United States Senators was authorized by the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution

The last time the United States formally, under constitutional authority, declared war against a foreign government was for World War II

In which of the following stages of the legislative process does most of the detailed legislative work of Congress take place? In committees and subcommittees

The elastic clause, also known as the necessary and proper clause, gives Congress the ability to expand the power of the national government based upon the delegated powers and without a constitutional amendment. Where can you find the necessary and proper clause? Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution

How many members are there in the United States Senate? 100

As stated in the Constitution, where do articles of impeachment originate? the House of Representatives

The officer in the Senate with the power to control the flow of legislation and, in general, to run the chamber (in essence, the functional head of the Senate) is the: president of the Senate.

Which of the following is a constitutionally designated function of the office of vice president? To succeed the president if he dies or becomes disabled

Who was head of the executive branch of the federal government, in other words, the president of the United States, under our first constitution, the Articles of Confederation? There was no executive branch and thus no president of the United States under the Articles of Confederation

Which president was the first to use effectively electronic mass media (radio) to directly address (and thus persuade) millions of the American people at the same time? Franklin Roosevelt

According to the law dictating the line of succession to the presidency, who would become president of the United States were the president and then immediately afterward the vice-president to die in office? Speaker of the House

The president is assisted by an executive branch organization in the preparation of a budget proposal which he submits to Congress and with the formulation of fiscal policy. This organization is called the Office of Management and Budget.

The term "bully pulpit" was used first by what president to describe the power of the presidency to speak for and to the American people? Theodore Roosevelt

Foreign aid amounts to approximately what percentage of the annual budget of the United States? Under one percent

Apportionment and redistricting of the U.S. House typically occurs every two years

The advice and consent power belong solely to the Senate

The current bicameral nature of the U.S. Congress was created during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 as a result of The Great compromise

United States Senators are elected to six year term of office

As originally adopted in 1789, Article II of the U.S. Constitution states that the president may serve how many elective terms in office? An unlimited numbers of terms (there was no limit set as to the number of terms)

The Framers of the Constitution anticipated that one branch of the national government would be the "first branch" of the federal government since they gave that branch national governing power. That the Framers made this branch of government the subject of the first article of the Constitution is indicia of the importance they placed upon it. This "first branch" is the presidency (executive branch)

The majority leader in the Senate currently is republican

The term "Cold War" refers to the period of non-belligerent conflict between the United States and what country following the end of World War II until 1991? Soviet Union

How is the current Congress organized in terms of party affiliation? Republicans for both

The federal program created in the 1960s which provides medical care to the poor and indigent who qualify is called Medicaid

After President Obama signed the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 2009, what had to happen before it went into effect? The treaty had to be ratified (approved) by the full Congress (both the House and the Senate)

Only _________ may introduce bills in the Congress for consideration. Standing members of congress

Only one U.S. president ever resigned from office. Who was he? Richard Nixon

A policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs is known as isolationism

If the president vetoes a bill that has been passed by Congress, what can or will happen? The veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house

What event(s) precipitated the adoption of the Twenty-Second Amendment to the Constitution? – The four consecutive elected terms of President Franklin D. Roosevelt

The U.S. House of Representatives solely has the power to initiate revenue bills

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