MNG20006 The Sustainable Hotel Environment
MNG20006 The Sustainable Hotel Environment Preparing for Assessment Two: Academic Report Writing
1. The Report Writing Process
Research topic via academic and industry sources Pick a viewpoint from your research in response to this topic (one side only) This viewpoint becomes your argument State your argument to your chosen topic up front in your report (introduction section) Argue towards your argument throughout your entire report, referring continually to industry and academic sources to construct an informed response. To achieve this, you will have a number of Key points that build your argument. TOPIC QUESTION ARGUMENT KEY POINTS
2. Structuring Your Academic Report
- Topic question
- Title that expresses your argument.
Gives an overview of the report at a glance.
This is not the same as an introduction. The executive summary is a stand - alone document. The reader should be able to read this and know what the entire report is about.
H w to write an executive summary:
- Generally, you include at least one sentence to summarise each main section of your report.
- The summary appears on its own page.
- The executive summary is written AFTER you write the report.
Table of Contents
A list of the major and minor sections of your report, correctly formatted and presented. Include the starting page number of each. The Table of Contents is placed on its own page.
Start a new page from the TOC.
- State the purpose of the report
- Identify your chosen topic (UIG)
- Identify the viewpoint you will argue : your argument !
- Define how you have interpreted key terms from the assignment topic (e.g. ‘unsustainable’, ‘g reen ’, or ‘ greenwashing ’.
- Indicate the scope of the report (i.e. what the report will cover).
Do not call this section ‘Body’!
The body develops your argument. To do this, you will discuss a number of KEY POINTS that relate to your argument.
To write this section:
Choose an appropriate heading for the body section that indicates your argument. E.g. ‘The Unsustainability of Tourism in Developing Countries’.
Use sub - headings to structure the argument ’s development.
These sub - headings identify the key points you will argue.
Proper paragraphs are very important to maintain the flow and direction of your report, and ensure readability.
Paragraphs should introduce, develop and conclude an idea: do not leave ideas unfinished and re - commence their discussion in the next paragraph, uncles you have used appropriate linking sentences (see below).
Use writing techniques such as TOPIC and LINKING sentences to structure paragraphs :
Topic sentence: Identifies the key points that will be discussed in that paragraph in ONE sentence. Links to argument.
Linking sentence: Concludes idea from current paragraph, and introduces the idea that will be explored in the next.
First, restate your argument.
Secondly: sum up the main points of the report ( plus how these points developed your argument) .
No surprises please! (That is, don’t include new information here ).
As a result of your understanding of relevant theory and literature, recommendations are suggestions for future action. They must be logically derived from the body of your report.
List of References
Matches in-text references. Meets UIG criteria.
Appendices or Appendix (if relevant)
An appendix contains material which is too detailed, technical, or complex to include in the body of the report (for example, specifications, a questionnaire, or a long complex table of figures), but which is referred to in the report.
Put at the very end of the report, after everything else. Each appendix should contain different material. Number each appendix clearly.
Presenting Your Academic Report
The content and structure of your report is important; so is the presentation and style. First impressions count, so consider these simple tips to ensure your report is reader - friendly:
- Ensure the separate parts of your report stand out clearly • Number key headings (e.g. 1. Introduction).
- Use subheadings as required, following hierarchy numbering to number sub - headings (e.g. 2.1)
- Use tables and figures if needed (graphs, illustrations, maps etc. ) for clarification. Label them clearly and cite the source. These graphics should relate to the text of your report; for example, Figure 1 shows that the population of Bandung has increased dramatically since 1890, or The population of Bandung has increased dramatically since 1890 (see Figure 1).
- Number each page (a neat header and/or footer makes your work look more professional)
- Use consistent and appropriate formatting (you may like to follow the report format supplied with your word processing package)
- Use formal language. Do not refer to the first person (e.g. ‘I’).
Common Problems and Mistakes with this Assessment
- Absence of key report sections
- Executive summary reading like an introduction rather than an overview of the entire report
- Student did not adequately clarify the definition and their interpretation of topic terms - either absent or incorrect
- Not picking a viewpoint arguing both ways
- Not identifying or developing an argument that responds to a topic question
- Referencing errors : LOR doesn’t match in - text; in - text errors (e.g. use of comma, initials); missing information in LOR
- Presentation of report messy and/or unstructured
- Introduction missing key components: e.g. scope.
- New information in conclusion
- Not adhering to the word count.
Report task Choose one of the topics from the list below and argue a viewpoint in the format of an academic report. It is expected that this viewpoint will emerge from your research, and will form the foundation of your argument. Your argument should be supported by a minimum of 4 academic references and industry examples should be used to illustrate your discussion. It is expected that you come to a conclusion supported by the research material used and make recommendations.
- Given environmental concerns, tourism in the developing world is unsustainable.
- Luxury and Green are incompatible goals for the hotel industry.
- 'Sustainable food' increasingly promoted on restaurant menus is largely greenwashing.
Outline submissions Description
As a group (of three to four) you are required to: • deliver a ten-minute presentation on the environmental impacts of a hotel department and ways of minimising the areas of impact • submit an outline of the main points of your presentation and a list of references as used to inform your content through TURNITIN (a minimum of three academic references and industry sources is required).
The following three areas of content should be included.
1. Choose one Hotel department and clearly outline the operational activities of that department.
2. Identify the environmental impacts of that department's operations.
3. With reference to the literature, and best practise in industry, propose a range of innovative and operable measures that can be implemented to minimise the areas of environmental impact.
Peer Review task
In addition to satisfy the requirements of this assessment, each student must also complete a peer review evaluating how each member of his/her group has worked and contributed to the work of the team. Whilst this evaluation is compulsory, no marks are awarded for this component. The aim of this task is to get you to reflect upon the teamwork process. The task is to be completed individually and anonymously.
You are to evaluate and rate the performance of each member of your group according to a given set of teamwork and contribution criteria. Based on the evaluations, each team member will receive a peer assessment score that will be used to change the group's mark for Assessment 1 into your individual mark as shown below:
Individual mark = Team mark x Peer assessment score