Prostate Cancer Nursing Assignment Help
Nursing students studying in Australia must be aware of the term "Prostate Cancer". Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops due to the growth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland. As per the prostate cancer nursing assignment help professionals, prostate cancer is the 2nd most common cancer disease found in Australian men and 3rd most common cause of cancer death. In a study, it has been found that 1 in 7 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer. It is more common in older men and 63% of cases diagnosed in men in Australia whose age is over 65 years.
In the year 2015, more than 18000 cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed in Australia. Generally, advanced prostate cancer can be categorized into different stages:
Early advanced prostate cancer- here cancer spread outside the prostate gland
Metastatic prostate cancer- it is the second stage of prostate cancer where cancer gets spread to a different part of the body
In the year 2016, the total number of death was 3248 because of prostate cancer. A few additional information about prostate cancer has been described below by our nursing assignment help.
Prostate Cancer: Signs and Symptoms
Often, the signs or the symptoms of early-stage prostate cancer cannot be identified. You have to undergo screening processes like the PSA test or DRE. In case, if the screening shows the indication of cancer, then a few more testing and monitoring may be required to diagnose. According to experts, the symptoms of prostate cancer are usually diagnosed at a later stage. Few common signs and symptoms are listed below:
- Frequent urination
- Interrupted urine flow or weakness or strain to empty the bladder
- The urge to urinate frequently at night
- Found blood in the seminal fluid
- New onset of erectile dysfunction
- Blood in the urine
- Pain during urination
- Pain or discomfort while sitting mainly caused by an enlarged prostate
Sometimes, the prostate cancer patient does not have any of these symptoms. Few other non-cancerous conditions such as enlarged prostate and BPH can also be a similar sign. Urinary symptoms are also caused due to bladder infection or other conditions.
At a stage, if prostate cancer is spread outside of the prostate gland as we have discussed in stage 1, patients may experience:
- Pain in hips, back, shoulders, thighs or any other bones
- Change in bowel habits
- Heavyweight loss
- Fluid or swelling in the feet or legs
Causes of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is one of the most common disease diagnosed in Australian men. Still, it is not clear what is the main cause of prostate cancer. The doctor says that this cancer builds up due to the development of some abnormal cells in the prostate. The abnormal cells' DNA produce the cell to grow and split rapidly as compared to normal cells. The abnormal cells never die while the normal cells die after a specific period of time which forms a tumour that grows to overrun nearby tissues. Few abnormal cells can metastasize to different parts of the body.
Risk factors explained by the online Prostate Cancer Nursing Assignment writing experts
There are a few factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer. They are -
Age- One of the most common risk factors for prostate cancer is increases in your age.
Race- The experts say that there is a high risk of prostate cancer in black men than other races.
Family history- If anyone in the patient's family has had suffered from prostate cancer, then they might have a high risk to get infected. Moreover, if the patient has a family history of genes and diagnosed with breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or any other form of breast cancer, the risk to get infected increases.
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
In case, if you are suspected of prostate cancer, you may be required to undergo with following tests:
PSA blood test
PSA stands for Prostate Specific Antigen. It is a type of blood test that measures the PSA levels in the body, the proteins including normal and cancerous prostate cells. It is because of PSA level can vary and thus it becomes important for a doctor to have more than one blood test over time to identify the risk of prostate cancer.
A biopsy is a method to diagnose prostate cancer and removes tissues from different parts of the prostate with the help of rectal ultrasound. Biopsy also aids in detecting the illness and identify its aggressiveness.
If a patient has an indication of prostate cancer, you might undergo various tests like CT, MRI or bone scans to treatment and management options.
Digital rectal examination
DRE stands for Digital Rectal Examination which is a high-level diagnosis method. It is only recommended who have the signs or symptoms of prostate cancer.
Treatment For Prostate Cancer
Care and treatment of prostate cancer involve the different extent of cancer. It is usually provided by a team of medical and allied health professionals which is also known as a multidisciplinary team. The treatment for prostate cancer also depends on the stages of cancer, the severity of symptoms, location of cancer and health and wishes. However, the treatment methods are described by our experts providing online nursing assignment services in Australia.
It takes place only in the case if the tumour is not spread over the prostate. It helps in removing the tissues and prostate including seminal vesicles. It is also known as radical prostatectomy. Generally, there are two major radical prostatectomy i.e. Retropubic prostatectomy and Perineal prostatectomy.
Active surveillance mainly monitors the level of prostate cancer and suitable for a patient who has low risk. The active surveillance method of prostate cancer treatment involves rectal examination every 6 months, PSA tests every 3-6 months and Biopsies and MRI scans at a period of every 12 and 36 months.
Radical radiotherapy is given to prostate cancer patient with curative intent, either by injecting radioactive seeds or through external radiation. The side-effects are very much similar to surgery including urinary incontinence, Lymphoedema, etc.
Apart from this, there are few more treatments that can be given to prostate cancer peoples such as watchful waiting, Cryosurgery, Hormone therapy, Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, etc. To know more about Prostate Cancer Nursing or its assignment feel free to contact Assignment Hippo.
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