Hms0003-Health Safety And Environment Answers Assessment Answer

Answer:

Health and safety of nurses in Hospital

The safety of the nurses at the hospital is the central issue of concern within the health sectors. In nursing professional, health safety is necessary and an essential aspect of the quality of the nursing care services. The emergence of the disease like Ebola and the anti-biotic microorganism resistant have established a significant threat to the nursing profession within the hospitals in the whole world. This makes it imagine how safe is the nursing profession. In this century, one can assume the safety and the health of nurses within the hospital has been addressed through the answer is not known (Yoon, Lin, Chen, Yi, Choi, & Rui 2013).   

The statistics obtained from the BLS (Bureau of the labour statistic) has proven that the health sector is one of the dangerous working places. Concerning OSHA (the occupational and the health administration), the nurses have been confronted with the following health hazards, the respiratory, biological, drug exposure and the pathogens and the laser hazards. In the year 2010, about 653900 nurses were injured and acquired illness in the line of their duties (Radke, 2016). For a very long period, there are significant instances, experiences in improving the safety of the nurses. Therefore, more effort is the need for collecting and analysing in implementing robust health safety-related procedures. The problem of the nurse safety has been manifested throughout. For instance, the musculoskeletal illness and injuries experienced when lifting the patients with not enough support. The nurse can even lift a weight of equal to 1.8 tons after a period about 8 hours in a day. Unexpected exposure to fluids from the body of the patients poses illness, and the infection causes a significant threat to the nursing profession every day. Errors and injuries are the foreseen situations that affect the health professional and the other health working staffs in the working places or any other field (Zaidi, Griffiths, Beshyah, Myers, & Zaidi,2012). These injuries can as well happen within the hospital affecting the capability and the health of other nurses around them. It’s unfortunate that many health and nursing organisations in this era focus on developing the members of their nursing staff beliefs are based on the ideology of helping the nurses through different procedures. Safety within the hospitals is an essential aspect that has been ignored by the number of the hospital institutions globally. Individuals especially nurses face these injuries and mishaps sometimes due to their recklessness and carelessness (Estrin-Béhar & Van der Heijden,2012).


These accidents can be limited and avoided by adhering to effective, healthy safety approaches and decreasing the health hazards within the health institutions. Hence the hospital management and other stakeholders of these health organisation's need to focus on the methods that improve the health and safety of the nurses within the nurses. These are the regulations, procedures and rules relevant to health safety should be implemented by various hospitals in providing the nurses with the safe working environment. The hospitals, therefore, need to guarantee their workers a healthy environment by equipping them with knowledge concerning safety and preventing various accidents that might occur within the hospital (Sanchez, Pelaez & Alis,2017). The primary goal of this position paper will be based on the following is to discuss the necessity of health and safety of all the nurses while working in the hospitals. The hospital human resource managers and the nursing workforce play a key role in accomplishing objectives of the health organisation. These necessities shall be dealt with by addressing the following three claims. The wellness and wellbeing of the nurses contribute a more significant percentage of the growth of any health organisation. The establishment of the health and safety strategies donates a more substantial interest in decreasing the expenses in these health organisations. Then the way safety and health environment can contribute significantly to ensuring workers do not refuse the work.

 Health organisations can't achieve their long-term goals and maintain a constant growth in the absence of safe, motivated and healthy workers. The safety and the well-being of the nursing employees are paramount to enhance significant productivity and the efficiency in all the health sectors. Lacking safety procedures within the health may create devastation within the organisation and negatively impacting working procedures. The management team of the hospital should, therefore, devise appropriate safety approaches to prevent and reduce the rate of accidents among the nurses. This will facilitate in motivating the nurses since it’s a perspective for many professional nurses prefer working within the health environment. The hospital organisation should work together with the relevant health stakeholders linked with the organisation on implementing the above claims concerning the safety within the hospital. The safety and the health conditions assist in boosting a positive transformation within the health organisations.

The wellness and the wellbeing of the human health resources contribute a more significant percentage of the growth of health organisation. The continuous growth and success of the hospitals rely on the efficiency and effectiveness of the nurses’ services (Cascio,2018).  Therefore, the poor health performances within the hospital result from the occurrence, events and circumstances that relate to health and safety issues. That means for any health organisation to increase the quality of the health services, there is the need for procedures to retain maximum profit and reach the objectives of the hospital. Hence, every hospital organisation should reduce any health risks in respect of their employees since the instances of insignificant situations would compromise the credibility of the hospital. Healthy and safety of every nurse contribute to high output when compared to unhealthy employees (Verbeek & Ivanov 2013).  The hazardous working environment has several permanent physiological and psychological problems to the nurses and the hospital. When some insignificant situations happen, within the organisation, they interfere with the mindset of the nurses. Therefore, the hospital that wants to improve its output must put into consideration in creating healthy and safe working conditions for the nurses. This will significantly help in boosting their motivation thus increasing their efficiency.

Establishing healthy and safety strategies can reduce the organisation's expenses to a considerable cost. The safety of the workplace prevent hazards, injuries and the illness for all the nurses (Mahmoudi, Ghasemi, Mohammad & Soleimani 2014).  This safety incorporates health and safety creation for all the nurse employees. Thus, enabling the efficiency and the effectiveness of the nurses in providing the service. Illness and the injuries within the nursing workforce initiate compensation aids, the insurance cost for temporary health replacement of affected health workers and wastage of time. This results in the result of the hospital organisation failure to check the health risks. Lack of concentration at the hospital would result in extreme damages towards the health organisation hindering the attainment of proactive aids. Any health organisation can reduce a considerable expense by establishing and sustaining a healthy and safe environment for the employees (Targoutzidis et al. 2014). Safeguarding wellness and the wellbeing of the nursing professionals enables the hospital in circumventing the cost related to illness and injuries. Safety and the health within the workplace instil the dedication and commitment within the workforce owing to safety confidence in the workplace. The motivation and the morale of all the nurses can increase if the health institution implements rules and regulations that safeguard the safety and the health of its workers. A nurse can only feel safe when working in a conducive health environment and this perspective makes them increase the level of performance at work (Wirtz, Nachreiner & Rolfes 2011).

A healthy and safe environment prevent the health practitioners from refusing the work. Various governments have established laws and regulation that gives the health practitioners the right to reject any health service that might threaten their health and wellbeing (Goetsch,2011).  The nurse has a justification to refuse any dangerous working condition. One of these justifications is the nurses' reasonable perspectives that their safety or the well-being or even the colleagues when jeopardised. It's unfortunate for any organisation to receive the resignations daily. This resignation facilitates greatly to the poor performance of their companies and wastage of time. The workers refuse the job because it does not meet their health standards (Kim, Rhee, Oh, & Park 2013).  That could lead to a termination of that particular job which might be a huge shock to that particular health organisation. Despite the proper equipment, the training and experiences by the hospital, health and safety of the work outcome can be the objection of the work by the nurse professionals. Therefore, any health organisation management should every time communicate hazards programs to the nurses. These programs outline the way hospital is meeting its health status in ensuring the workplace is healthy and safe. The program should as well overwhelm the fine details explaining organisation's hazardous interventions in case a health risk emerges. Such programs ensure absenteeism within the nursing workforce will be decreased and also save the life of the nurses.

The risk investigations results are significant when informed to the nurses since it helps them in coming up with appropriate decisions. These risks investigations assist the nurses to be familiar with the possible health risks within the work settings. Therefore, the health management within that specific hospital can implement the policies and the health, safety to assure the safety of the nurses. The procedure and the systems would help in leading towards the familiarisation within the health. The regular assessment enables the hospital to identify the possible risks that would impact the lives of the workers. For example, the errors and the different aspects of the safety and the health procedures can be detected and dealt with it at the early stages. The investigation can then be compared with the health standards. The assessment can also help in understanding different aspects that can assist in improving safety and the health conditions of the nurses (Elfering, Grebner & Dudan,2011). One of these factors is maintaining the hygiene of the nurses. This one of the factors associated with the policies that assure the nurses with the clean environment to operate on. Cleanliness and the clearness help in maintaining the confidence of the nurses to a considerable extent (Andrew et al. 2015). Such policies acknowledge that in the case of the cleanness is not up to the standards, the presence of any bacteria could emerge which would result in an outbreak of the diseases when spread. The disease can then affect the people within the health organisation and the community around.  

The management or the owners of the health when this happens, it is assumed by the health and safety act they ignored the rules, and the precautions and the exact measures can be taken against them. The hygiene and the cleanness are required in the operation theatres where the health risk is very high. If the health risk is detected various methods can be implemented to prevent it from getting transmitted to other people within the workplace (Black, Car, Pagliari, Anandan, Cresswell, Bokun& Sheikh 2011).  This is the reason why the hygiene and the cleanness should be given the priority into the safe and the health policy. Therefore, every task within the health should employ a very high level of the hygiene. For instance, washing the hands and cleaning clothes (Pheasant,2014).  This will facilitate the killing of the virus and the bacteria immediately. It is also the best way of preventing infections and the germs from spreading from one point to another within the health environment. Other than these methods, within the health premises are the waste products which should be carefully be disposed of.

Protective equipment is essential in enhancing the safety, and the health of the nurses against substances using protective clothes like gas goggles, gloves and the lab coats contribute significantly in protecting the individuals against chemical substances that could cause harm to their bodies (Australia, 2012). These substances might not produce the direct effects to nurses but the surroundings as well. The protective equipment attempts to decrease the rate of the harmful emissions spread into the atmosphere which might be inhaled by the nurses hence causing respiratory problems (Ganah& John, 2015).  This will lead to the sustainability of the conducive environment by maintaining a good condition of the buildings which prevents them from collapsing especially when the workers are within them. This can be a big tragedy to the hospital which might cost the resources of the health and a high insurance risk.

The tragedy can also result to the nurses’ injuries and also death. That calls for strict by the hospital in handling and their disposal of these substances in a proper way (Kim, Sung, Ji, Song, Lee, Kang & Yu 2011).  The harmful substances enable the health organisation to ensure safety measures are adhered to when dealing with the harmful chemical substances. These safety measures are like the emergency doors in case of the fire outbreak to prevent any nurses’ accident (Brauer, 2016).  The safety and the health act keep the hospital management and the owners of the hospital in check to protect the lives of the nurses. Therefore, the hospital should take the precaution are taken into considerations when handling the chemical substances especially the flammable chemicals Geiger-Brown, J., & Lipscomb, J. (2011).  The management of the hospital is forced as well to take the nurses’ employees through the pieces of training to ensure they are well known for the chemical substances and the equipment. Proper training can be provided through attending the attending to the safety and the health courses. Through the training, the hospital should be able to afford the safety equipment and the health hazards associated with the most dangerous chemicals within the hospital organisation.

The safety and the well-being of nurses within the hospital in reducing illness and injuries is necessary together with their patients. Many health institutions stressors that can result in injuries and the disease within the nursing working environment. For instance, the aspects linked to the attributes of the hospital and any change that might occur within the nursing profession. The nurse can experience specific psychological and physical needs. The safety plan should focus on the healthy safety in the nursing profession is to offer a free-risk working environment for the nurses. The safety overwhelms the analysis examination and the elimination of all the health hazards and other harmful aspects present.

The hospital should develop the safety and health measures because of some reasons. For instance, regulatory needs, laws and the policies of the hospital. Specific health institutions adhere to these requirements for the benefit of the nursing profession. Extreme conditions within the hospitals downsize their quality of services. The illness and the injuries that emerge within the hospitals due to unhealthy working conditions outcome is the high expenses by the hospital and the deterioration of the hospital's image. The other occurrence is the death of nurses as a result of transmitting some the infections from the patients. Such incidence results to decrease of the human resources in the hospitals. Poor, healthy safety can also cause physical injuries to the nurses.

References

Australia, S. W. (2012). Australian work health and safety strategy 2012-2022: Healthy, safe and productive working lives. Safe Work Australia.

Black, A. D., Car, J., Pagliari, C., Anandan, C., Cresswell, K., Bokun, T., ... & Sheikh, A. (2011). The impact of eHealth on the quality and safety of health care: a systematic overview. PLoS medicine, 8(1), e1000387.

Bleck, D., & Wettberg, W. (2012). Waste collection in developing countries–Tackling occupational safety and health hazards at their source. Waste management, 32(11), 2009-2017.

Cascio, W. (2018). Managing human resources. McGraw-Hill Education.

Brauer, R. L. (2016). Safety and health for engineers. John Wiley & Sons.

Elfering, A., Grebner, S., & Dudan, A. (2011). Job characteristics in nursing and cognitive failure at work. Safety and health at work, 2(2), 194-200.

Estryn-Béhar, M., & Van der Heijden, B. I. (2012). Effects of extended work shifts on employee fatigue, health, satisfaction, work/family balance, and patient safety. Work, 41(Supplement 1), 4283-4290.

Ganah, A., & John, G. A. (2015). Integrating building information modelling and health and safety for onsite construction. Safety and health at work, 6(1), 39-45.

Geiger-Brown, J., & Lipscomb, J. (2011). The healthcare work environment and adverse health and safety consequences for nurses. Annu Rev Nurs Res, 28, 191-232.

Goetsch, D. L. (2011). Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers, and.

Kim, Y. S., Rhee, K. Y., Oh, M. J., & Park, J. (2013). The validity and reliability of the second Korean working conditions survey. Safety and health at work, 4(2), 111-116.

Kim, J. S., Sung, J. H., Ji, J. H., Song, K. S., Lee, J. H., Kang, C. S., & Yu, I. J. (2011). In vivo genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles after 90-day silver nanoparticle inhalation exposure. Safety and health at work, 2(1), 34-38.

Ma, C. C., Andrew, M. E., Fekedulegn, D., Gu, J. K., Hartley, T. A., Charles, L. E., ... & Burchfiel, C. M. (2015). Shift work and occupational stress in police officers. Safety and health at work, 6(1), 25-29.

Mahmoudi, S., Ghasemi, F., Mohammadfam, I., & Soleimani, E. (2014). Framework for continuous assessment and improvement of occupational health and safety issues in construction companies. Safety and health at work, 5(3), 125-130.

Pheasant, S. (2014). Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics And The Design Of Work: Anthropometry, Ergonomics And The Design Of Work. CRC Press.

Wirtz, A., Nachreiner, F., & Rolfes, K. (2011). Working on Sundays–effects on safety, health, and work-life balance. Chronobiology international, 28(4), 361-370.

Radke, M. (2016, January). A Framework for a Heat Stress Prevention Program Based on National Guidelines. In ASSE Professional Development Conference and Exposition. American Society of Safety Engineers.

Sanchez, F. A. S., Pelaez, G. I. C., & Alis, J. C. (2017). Occupational safety and health in construction: a review of applications and trends. Industrial hygiene, 55(3), 210-218.

Targoutzidis, A., Koukoulaki, T., Schmitz-Felten, E., Kuhl, K., Oude Hengel, K. M., Rijken, E. V. D. B., & Kluser, R. (2014). The health care for safety and health at work: Cost-benefit analyses of interventions in small and medium-sized enterprises.

Verbeek, J., & Ivanov, I. (2013). Essential occupational safety and health interventions for low-and-middle-income countries: An overview of the evidence. Safety and health at work, 4(2), 77-83.

Yoon, S. J., Lin, H. K., Chen, G., Yi, S., Choi, J., & Rui, Z. (2013). Effect of occupational health and safety management system on work-related accident rate and differences of occupational health and safety management system awareness between managers in South Korea's construction industry. Safety and health at work, 4(4), 201-209.

Zaidi, M. A., Griffiths, R., Beshyah, S. A., Myers, J., & Zaidi, M. A. (2012). Blood and body fluid exposure related knowledge, attitude and practices of hospital-based healthcare providers in the United Arab Emirates. Safety and health at work, 3(3), 209-215.

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