The Capacity

Quiz 2

Part 1 of 5 - Chapter 2

42.0 Points

Question 1 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the capacity of a substance to withstand rupture when placed under tension or stress?

 
  •  

A. covalent bond

  •  

B. cohesion

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C. solvent

  •  

D. adhesion

  •  

E. surfact tension

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Question 2 of 33

3.0 Points

Which particles reside in the nucleus of an atom?

 
  •  

A. proton and neutron

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B. neutron and electron

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C. electron, proton and neutron

  •  

D. electron and proton

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Question 3 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is one of the most abundant natural biopolymers on Earth, only found in plants?

 
  •  

A. chitin

  •  

B. cellulose

  •  

C. glycogen

  •  

D. starch

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Question 4 of 33

3.0 Points

What are the monomers that make up proteins?

 
  •  

A. DNA

  •  

B. steroids

  •  

C. oils

  •  

D. amino acids

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Question 5 of 33

3.0 Points

Practically speaking, a buffer is the reason for what?

 
  •  

A. 

Why gardens are a good hobby

  •  

B. 

Why we shouldn’t eat white bread

  •  

C. 

Why water tastes different to each of us

  •  

D. 

Why we can ingest acidic substances and not die

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Question 6 of 33

3.0 Points

Which type of bond do the hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water form?

 
  •  

A. nonpolar covalent bonds

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B. hydrogen bonds

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C. van der Waals Interactions

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D. polar covalent bonds

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Question 7 of 33

3.0 Points

Which particles reside in the space around the nucleus of an atom?

 
  •  

A. proton

  •  

B. neutron

  •  

C. matter

  •  

D. electron

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Question 8 of 33

3.0 Points

In most living species, which monosaccharide is the most important source of energy?

 
  •  

A. glucose

  •  

B. fructose

  •  

C. starch

  •  

D. cellulose

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Question 9 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the attraction between water molecules and other molecules, allowing water to “climb up a straw,” for example?

 
  •  

A. surface tension

  •  

B. covalent bond

  •  

C. cohesion

  •  

D. solvent

  •  

E. adhesion

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Question 10 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is an example of an isotope?

 
  •  

A. Halogens

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B. Hydrogen-1

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C. Carbon-12

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D. Actinides

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Question 11 of 33

3.0 Points

Proteins include all of the following except what?

 
  •  

A. hormones

  •  

B. water

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C. DNA

  •  

D. phospholipids

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Question 12 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is more likely to dissolve in water?

 
  •  

A. glucose

  •  

B. fat

  •  

C. olive oil

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D. wax

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Question 13 of 33

3.0 Points

Why are lipids insoluble in water?

 
  •  

A. they are very large

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B. they are polar molecules

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C. they are very small

  •  

D. they are nonpolar molecules

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Question 14 of 33

3.0 Points

If an electron is shared between two elements, the strongest bond forms referred to as what?

 
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A. van der Waals interaction

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B. Hydrogen bond

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C. Covalent bond

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D. Ionic bond

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Part 2 of 5 - Chapter 12

30.0 Points

Question 15 of 33

3.0 Points

How has molecular systematics changed the how organisms had been classified?

 
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A. Molecular systematics has confirmed earlier classifications.

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B. Classification has reverted to the Linnean system based on molecular systematics.

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C. Sometimes errors are uncovered and taxa are reclassified from molecular systematics.

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D. Morphologic homology has allowed for the calibration of a molecular clock.

Feedback:Molecular systematics uses molecular information including DNA sequencing to study the relationships between organisms. Read more in Chapter 12.

 

Question 16 of 33

3.0 Points

Currently the diversity of all life on earth is contained in 3 domains which are:

 
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A. Family, Genus, Species

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B. Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya

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C. Bacteria, Animals, Plants

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D. Phylum, Class, Order

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Question 17 of 33

3.0 Points

What is a diagram used to represent evolutionary relationships between taxa called?

 
  •  

A. clade

  •  

B. phylogeny

  •  

C. branch

  •  

D. systematic

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Question 18 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is the correct order of classification from largest group to smallest?

 
  •  

A. 

Canis, Eukarya, Chordata, Canidae, lupus, Animalia, Mammalia

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B. 

Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdom, Domain

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C. 

Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

  •  

D. 

Phylum, Kingdom, Domain, Class, Species, Genus, Family, Order

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Question 19 of 33

3.0 Points

Which assumption of cladistics is correctly stated?

 
  •  

A. Traits remain homologous and unchanged from one state to another.

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B. There are multiple universal last common ancestors (LUCA).

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C. The polarity of a character state change can be determined.

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D. Speciation can produce two to four new species.

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Question 20 of 33

3.0 Points

What term describes the forelimb bones of a bird, bat, horse, whale and human?

 
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A. synapomorphy

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B. homologous

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C. analogous

  •  

D. apomorphy

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Question 21 of 33

3.0 Points

Which best describes the assumption maximum parsimony is built on?

 
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A. Molecular data is superior to morphological data when reconstructing evolutionary events.

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B. All of life evolves as a goal driven process under the direction of a higher power.

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C. Shared derived characteristics define monophyletic groups.

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D. Evolutionary events occurred in the simplest, most obvious way.

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Question 22 of 33

3.0 Points

What is a group of closely related organisms and their common ancestor on a phylogeny?

 
  •  

A. synapomorphy

  •  

B. vertebrate

  •  

C. clade

  •  

D. outgroup

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Question 23 of 33

3.0 Points

What term describes the wings of insects, bats, and birds?

 
  •  

A. apomorphy

  •  

B. synapomorphy

  •  

C. analogous

  •  

D. homologous

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Question 24 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the scientific name of wolves in binomial nomenclature?

 
  •  

A. 

Wolves and Dogs

  •  

B. 

Canis lupus

  •  

C. 

Mammalia

  •  

D. 

Canidae Family

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Part 3 of 5 - Lecture Material

12.0 Points

Question 25 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is the sole source of novel genetic variation?

 
  •  

A. natural selection

  •  

B. nonrandom mating

  •  

C. mutation

  •  

D. genetic drift

  •  

E. gene flow

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Question 26 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the term for the evolution of species when there are geographic regions to separate them?

 
  •  

A. Peripatric speciation

  •  

B. Parapatric speciation

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C. Sympatric speciation

  •  

D. Allopatric speciation

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Question 27 of 33

3.0 Points

The number of domestic dog varieties on Earth today, produced through artificial selection, is an example of what kind of evolution?

 
  •  

A. Natural Selection

  •  

B. Convergent Evolution

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C. Coevolution

  •  

D. Microevolution

  •  

E. Macroevolution

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Question 28 of 33

3.0 Points

What is the term for microevolutionary changes that accumulate over a long time period resulting in different species and significant variation among living organisms?

 
  •  

A. Macroevolution

  •  

B. Convergent Evolution

  •  

C. Microevolution

  •  

D. Coevolution

  •  

E. Natural Selection

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Part 4 of 5 - Part 3: Lab Lecture Material

12.0 Points

Question 29 of 33

3.0 Points

Which of the following is the best scientific question for proposing a hypothesis and designing an experiment on the effect of a drug (Drug X) on decreasing blood pressure?

 
  •  

A. Does Drug X affect blood pressure?

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B. Should we lower blood pressure?

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C. How does Drug X affect blood pressure readings?

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D. Why is Drug X important to blood pressure?

Feedback:Correct! Scientific questions should be specific enough that can be measured, tested and verified.

 

Question 30 of 33

3.0 Points

What should be included when generating scientific questions?

 
  •  

A. Predictions about outcomes

  •  

B. The word “why”

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C. Moral values

  •  

D. Very broad topics

  •  

E. Personal preferences

Feedback:Correct! Scientific questions should be specific enough to help design a good hypothesis and should be based on facts, testable, and verifiable.

 

Question 31 of 33

3.0 Points

Which of the following is considered a primary source of research?

 
  •  

A. 

Blogs

  •  

B. 

Dissertations

  •  

C. 

Websites

  •  

D. 

Magazines

  •  

E. 

Books

Feedback:

Correct! Primary research is considered original works that have not been interpreted or evaluated by a second party.

 

Question 32 of 33

3.0 Points

Which is NOT considered a component of scientific observations?

 
  •  

A. 

Specialized tools

  •  

B. 

Generation of data

  •  

C. 

Measurability

  •  

D. 

Limitations

  •  

E. 

Personal beliefs

Feedback:

Correct! In science, observations lead to the formation of hypotheses and must adhere to specific guidelines to be scientifically credible.

 

Part 5 of 5 - Part 5 - 1 Question 4 points

4.0 Points

Question 33 of 33

4.0 Points

At the most fundamental level, what is life made up of?

 
  •  

A. atom

  •  

B. isotope

  •  

C. matter

  •  

D. neutron

Feedback:All matter is composed of elements, and all elements are made of atoms; but matter occupies spaces and has mass. Review the building blocks of molecules in Chapter 2.

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